carpet cleaning

Carpet Cleaning Basics

Carpet cleaning is a necessary chore for all homes with carpeting. Daily maintenance includes vacuuming to remove loose soil and pretreated stains with a carpet spray cleaner. When treating a stain, resist the temptation to scrub; that only drives the stain deeper into the fibers.

Professional carpet cleaners also use advanced odor-neutralizing solutions to eliminate lingering odors that can attract pets and other unwanted guests. Click to learn more.

carpet cleaning

Vacuuming is one of the most important steps in caring for carpeted floors. The ideal vacuum cleaner for carpet should have reliable suction power and a brushroll that digs deep into the pile to lift away dirt and debris. The beater bar should also be set at a height that allows it to properly engage the carpet pile without grinding or fuzzing the fibers. If your vacuum does not have these features, it may be worth investing in a new model.

In addition to a thorough vacuuming, a good preventative maintenance routine should include regular spot cleaning and pretreating of stain areas. When spotting, always use cold water to treat the area to avoid over-saturating and causing the stain to set. For pre-treatment, mix baking soda and salt to make a paste that can be rubbed into the carpet to elicit a chemical reaction with the soil. This will break down and loosen the soil to be easily lifted by the vacuum or mop.

If you have an odor problem, sprinkle the carpet with baking soda and leave it to sit for an hour before vacuuming. The resulting reaction will neutralize the smell and absorb any remaining soil. If your carpet has stains that are difficult to remove, a professional cleaner may be necessary. Always consult a stain removal chart to find the best cleaner for your particular needs.

As a final preventative measure, a carpet protection mat should be placed in entryways and lobbies to trap the dirt that would otherwise be tracked into carpeted rooms. When vacuuming, remember to move slowly and with overlapping strokes to prevent damage or “uglying out” your carpet.

Carpets in offices, schools and hospitals require a cleaning program to help keep them looking good and hygienic. Having a routine preventative maintenance schedule helps extend the life of carpet, improves indoor air quality and lowers facility management costs.

Routine preventative maintenance includes daily vacuuming and interim low-moisture cleanings. High-traffic areas need to be cleaned more frequently than less-used rooms. Carpeted stairs also need regular attention to prevent soil accumulation.

Daily vacuuming removes loose dirt and debris that is trampled into the fibers by foot traffic. If left too long, these embedded soils can make vacuuming more difficult and cause carpet to look dull or dingy. Vacuuming should be done with a strong suction machine that is designed for your carpet type. A model without a beater bar (a rotating brush or scraping bar) is recommended for loop pile and wool blend carpets to avoid excessive agitation and damage to the fibers.

Oily soil from cooking vapors, air pollution and tracked-in dirt can create an oily film that dulls color and attracts more dirt. This type of soil requires special cleaning chemicals to break down the oil and dissolve it. Regular spot treatment with general spot cleaners, mild detergents with encapsulating properties and neutralizing or brown-out chemical treatments can help keep these types of spots at bay.

If you spot a stain, treat it as soon as possible to limit the amount of time that the stain has to soak into and saturate the fibers with moisture. Blot the spot with paper towels to absorb as much of the stain as possible. Then, apply a water-based or solvent spot removal product to the spot. Use a commercial carpet stain removal product or one of the many over-the-counter products available. Blot the spot again and if necessary repeat the process until the stain is completely removed.

Using walk-off mats at entrances to trap soil and prevent it from being tracked inside is another great preventative measure. In addition, a quality carpet pad adds resilience and comfort underfoot, prolonging carpet life.

When stains occur, they must be treated quickly to reduce the appearance of the spot and prevent the stain from becoming permanent. This is known as spot cleaning and focuses on treating specific areas or stains without affecting the surrounding carpet fibers. Spot cleaning is especially helpful for immediate accidents and older stains that may not have been addressed during previous cleanings.

It is important to have an arsenal of tools and spotting products on hand for effective care. Depending on the type of stain, different cleaners and removal techniques are required. Some stains may be removed by using a dry cloth, while others need to be rinsed with water and then blotted until no more stain is visible. It is also important to keep in mind that the use of a white cloth is recommended for blotting because any color residue from the rag could transfer to the carpet and cause the stain to appear worse.

For most spots, a carpet spotter solution is the best choice. It should be diluted according to product instructions, and staff should be trained to test the solution on an inconspicuous area of the carpet to make sure it is safe for colorfastness. After the spotter is applied, a clean white cloth should be used to blot it until no more soil can be pulled up. Then, the carpet should be rinsed with clear water and blotted dry. The blotting process is important because it will help to remove any soap residue that may be trapped in the carpet fibers and can cause resoiling.

Once a spot is cleaned, it should be blocked off to keep people from walking on it while it dries. Putting something like a dinner-table chair over the stain or placing it in front of a fan can help speed the drying process. It is also important to place a dry towel over the area so that the carpet fibers do not absorb any remaining moisture.

Keeping up with routine carpet maintenance and cleaning can prevent the need for more extensive work in the future. However, for those times when a deeper clean is necessary, professional carpet cleaning can leave your flooring looking its very best.

Carpet that has been damaged by severe soiling requires restorative cleaning. This is a specialized process that includes more steps than general maintenance cleaning and addresses specific problems like matting, heavy soils, smoke damage, pet stains and odors, and other difficult-to-remove issues. To ensure a successful restoration, the root cause of the problem needs to be determined. Then, the appropriate restorative cleaning techniques can be selected.

The first step in the restorative cleaning process is to thoroughly vacuum the entire carpet using a commercial-grade vacuum cleaner that has suction only. This helps remove dry, loose soil from the surface of the carpet and prevents re-soiling.

Next, a pre-treatment liquid is applied to the carpet. This solution may contain a solvent or alkaline, which breaks down the oily residues that cause stains. This is followed by agitation, which is done using mechanical agitation tools or brushes that help dislodge deep-seated dirt and stains from the carpet fibers. Then, the carpet is shampooed or steam cleaned. If there are any set-in stains, spot treatments may be used to treat them. Once the carpet is clean, it should be allowed to dry. The drying time can vary depending on the method of cleaning, indoor humidity levels, and outside weather conditions. In order to speed up the drying process, fans should be used and windows opened to promote air circulation.

Once the carpet is dry, a protectant can be applied to repel stains and extend the life of the carpet. Entry mats can also help decrease soiling by limiting the amount of dirt that is tracked into the building from shoes. The best way to reduce the need for restorative cleaning is to use a preventative cleaning system like PDIR, which involves regularly scheduled maintenance cleaning and regular monitoring of moisture levels in the flooring. This can significantly reduce the need for more intensive, costly restorative cleaning and keep your carpet looking newer, longer.

Stucco Repair

Stucco Repair: Common Problems With Stucco

Stucco Repair Philadelphia is the fixing of surface-level damage, such as chips and cracks. It’s important to speak with a stucco professional so they can identify the root cause and recommend remediation if necessary.Stucco Repair

Gaps around windows, doors, and other openings indicate moisture penetration into the wall, which can lead to mold growth, moss, wood rot, and structural problems. Remediation involves replastering the walls to address the underlying issue.

Hairline cracks that appear on a stucco wall are usually not a major concern, but they can be repaired easily with waterproof caulking. However, larger cracks can point to more serious issues with the foundation or water damage and should be addressed by a professional stucco repair company that offers comprehensive services.

Regardless of the severity of a crack, it is important to address it immediately to prevent precipitation from seeping behind the stucco and damaging the home’s structure. To begin, the homeowner should clean out the crack and surrounding area to remove any dirt and debris that has accumulated. This step will also help ensure that the waterproof caulk or patch will adhere properly and will not come undone in the future.

Once the crack has been cleaned, a layer of waterproof caulking should be applied along the entire length of the crack using a standard caulking gun. The caulk should be troweled to match the texture of the surrounding stucco, ensuring a smooth transition. Once the caulking is dry, the homeowner can cover it with water-based paint, preferably in the same color as the home’s exterior.

For a more permanent solution, a special waterproof compound can be used to repair stucco cracks. These products are typically available through a stucco supplier, and they are prepared by mixing one part of a liquid concentrate with two parts water. The product will then form a tan emulsion that can be applied to the cracked areas of the stucco.

Homeowners can choose to apply the damp concrete primer with a brush or roller, but a narrow brush is best to avoid any unnecessary mess. Once the liquid is applied, it will soak into the small, medium, and large pores of the stucco or concrete and create a waterproof barrier that will protect the structure for years to come. Alternatively, a conventional stucco repair mix may be used to remedy larger gouges and holes, but this mixture should not be used for hairline cracks as it is not sufficiently durable.

Repairing Holes

Stucco is a versatile material that can be used for many different projects, including home siding. If you’re interested in using stucco for your next home project, it is important to be aware of common problems that can occur with the material and how to fix them. These issues can range from minor cracks to major holes in the stucco. When addressing holes, you should always hire a professional contractor to help. However, with a bit of knowledge, you can save yourself some money by completing the repair yourself.

When addressing small to medium-sized holes, you can often use a pre-mixed stucco patch that is available at most hardware stores. This product can be used to fill in holes, spalls, and breaks in stucco walls up to one-quarter inch wide. The patch is a convenient option because it requires no mixing and dries to a durable finish that matches the texture of the surrounding stucco.

For larger holes, you will need to follow a slightly more complicated process. First, you will need to remove any broken pieces of stucco. If there is a lot of broken stucco, you may need to chip it away with a hammer and chisel. Once you have removed the damaged stucco, you will need to clean the area with a wire brush and blow away any dust. You should also be sure to wear protective work gloves and safety glasses.

Once you have cleaned the area, you will need to apply a base coat to the wall to prepare it for the stucco patch. The base coat will also need to dry completely before you can start working on the hole. Next, you will need to add a second layer of stucco. Once again, you will need to make sure that the second layer of patch is pressed firmly into place and that it fills the hole.

Depending on how large the hole is, you may need to add a third and final layer of stucco. Once you have completed the patch, you will need to sand it down and paint it a color that matches the rest of the wall.

Remediating Cracks

Many homeowners find themselves with hairline cracks in their stucco. Unlike larger structural cracks, these surface-level cracks are not serious and can be easily repaired. In order to repair these cracks, it is important to determine the degree of damage. If the cracks are only in the plaster, then it is possible to use a concrete patching mix and a float to fill them and even them out with the surrounding, undamaged area. Once the new plaster dries, it can then be painted to match the color of the rest of the stucco.

If the cracks are deeper into the stucco, a more extensive process is needed to fix them. This process is called remediation. Remediation is a much more involved project and should be left to professionals. If the cracks are in the sheathing or framing, it is necessary to replace the water-damaged sheathing and framing material. This can also include the replacement of insulation and drywall. In some cases, this can be a much more costly process, but it is essential to the long-term integrity of your home.

The first step in repairing these deeper cracks is to remove the cracked stucco and any debris from the damaged area. It is also a good idea to remove any wood lath material that is still attached. Once this is done, it is important to clean the area and use a damp sponge to wipe away any loose dirt or dust that may be present. This will help ensure that the new plaster will bond well with the existing material.

Once the cleaned area is dry, it is important to use sanded caulk to fill in any gaps that are present. This is best done in the morning, when a house will be cooler, and this will help prevent the cracks from widening later on.

It is also a good idea to use a paint or fog coat that matches the texture of your stucco. This will help the repaired area blend in and look more natural. Lastly, it is a good idea to have the property inspected on a regular basis by a professional. This can be done by using a moisture meter, a borescope, and other non-invasive tools.

Remediating Holes

Small cracks and holes in stucco are a common occurrence that is often easily remedied. This type of damage is typically caused by outside forces such as wind or water and is a surface-level issue that is easy for most homeowners to tackle without calling in a professional.

For small, thin hairline cracks and holes that measure less than 1/16 of an inch in width, homeowners should use waterproof caulking to fill them. Caulking is an inexpensive and quick fix that can be completed in about a half hour. This repair will be able to accommodate changes in temperature without causing further damage or cracking in the stucco.

If the crack or hole measures larger than this, it will need to be patched with a stucco mix. Using a putty knife or drywall trowel, apply the premixed stucco patching material to the area. For best results, it is recommended that the patching material be applied in multiple layers and allowed to dry between each application. Once the patch is completely dry, it can be painted to match the existing stucco.

To address larger cracks and holes in the stucco, homeowners should first brush or vacuum the crack to remove any dirt or algae. Then, with a cold chisel and hammer, widen the crack up to about 1/4-inch wide and bevel it on both sides. Afterwards, the crack should be smoothed with a sanding tool to prepare it for repair.

Once the damaged areas have been prepared, a new coat of stucco should be applied. A sand-based mix that matches the existing texture is best for this task. For a better finish, a float can be used to smooth the layer and create a uniform appearance. After the stucco is complete, it should be allowed to cure for about a week before it can be painted.

Remediation and repair of stucco can be a time-consuming project, but with the right materials and proper preparation, it is more manageable than some may think. Homeowners should always consult a qualified home inspector or licensed contractor to determine the cause of any water damage or structural framing issues that may be present beneath the surface before attempting any repairs.